Bagasse is used as a fuel in boiler to produce steam for processing of sugar (heating, evaporation, crystallization etc) and to generate electricity.
Also used as raw material in board industry and distilleries for manufacturing of ethanol. In European countries used for cattle feed and alcohol.
Bagasse is the fibrous matter that remains after sugarcane or sorghum stalks are crushed to extract their juice and is a by product generated in the process of manufacture of sugar. It can either be sold or be captively consumed for generation of steam. It is currently used as a biofuel and in the manufacture of pulp and paper products and building materials. The bagasse produced in a sugar factory is however used for generation of steam which in turn is used as a fuel source and the surplus generation is exported to the power grids of state governments.
For each 10 tones of sugarcane crushed, a sugar factory produces nearly 3 tones of wet bagasse. Since bagasse is a by-product of the cane sugar industry, the quantity of production in a country is in line with the quantity of sugarcane produced.
Bagasse when burned in quantity produces sufficient heat energy to supply all the needs of a typical sugar mill, with enough energy to spare. To this end, a secondary use for this waste product is in cogeneration, the use of a fuel source to provide both heat energy, used in the mill and the electricity which is typically sold on to the consumer through power grids.